CPSC Federal Play Yard Safety Standard


U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission

Office of Communications Washington, D.C.

June 29, 2012
Release #12-214
CPSC Hotline: (800) 638-2772
CPSC Media Contact: (301)

CPSC Approves New Federal Safety Standard for Play Yards

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has approved a new federal mandatory safety standard to improve the safety of play yards and to prevent injuries and deaths to children. The vote was 4 to 0.

The new federal standard incorporates provisions in the voluntary standard ASTM F 406-12a. Mandatory requirements for play yards include:

  • A stability test to prevent the play yard from tipping over.
  • Latch and lock mechanisms to keep the play yard from folding on a child when it is being used.
  • Entrapment tests for attachments so a child’s head does not get trapped while a bassinet or other accessory is attached.
  • Floor strength tests to ensure structural integrity and to prevent children from getting trapped by the play yard floor.
  • Minimum side height requirements to prevent children from getting out of the play yard on their own.
  • A test to prevent play yards whose top rails fold downward from using a hinge that creates a V- or diamond shape when folded to prevent head or neck entrapment.

B. The Product
ASTM F406–13 defines a ‘‘play yard’’ as a ‘‘framed enclosure that includes a floor and has mesh or fabric sided panels primarily intended to provide a play or sleeping environment for children. It may fold for storage or travel.’’ Play yards are intended for children who are less than 35 inches tall and who cannot climb out of the product. Some play yards include
accessory items that attach to the product, such as mobiles, toy bars, canopies, bassinets, and changing tables. The accessory item usually attaches to the side rails or corner brackets of the play yard.

A ‘‘bassinet/cradle accessory’’ is defined in ASTM F406–13 as ‘‘an elevated sleep surface that attaches to a play yard designed to convert the product into a bassinet/cradle intended
to have a horizontal sleep surface while in a rest (non-rocking) position.’’ Play yard bassinet accessories commonly consist of a textile shell that provides an elevated sleep surface within the play yard. The floor of the bassinet accessory is typically the same dimensions as the play yard floor. Usually, the segmented mattress pad that is used on the floor of
the play yard is inserted into the bassinet shell. The floor of the bassinet accessory is typically reinforced with mattress support rods to ensure a flat, stable sleep surface. The top edges of the sides of the bassinet accessory can be secured to the play yard top rails with any number of devices, but most often is done through plastic clips sewn onto the sides of the shell. Metal rods may also be used to secure the bassinet to the play yard. These metal rods are usually inserted into a sleeve on the top edge of the shell’s side wall and clipped
into a play yard’s corner brackets.

Safety Standard for Play Yards  (read full report)


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