Most newborn babies thrive and celebrate their first birthdays. However, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for every 1,000 babies born in the U.S., six will die during their first year. This is known as infant mortality. As summer winds down, September is a perfect time to discuss how to keep your baby safe as we recognize National Infant Mortality Awareness Month.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), the sudden, unexplained death of a baby, is the leading cause of death among infants between 1 and 12 months of age, and is most common between the ages of 1 and 4 months. Each year in the United States, approximately 3,500 infants suffer a sudden, unexpected infant death (SUID) and about half of these unexpected deaths are attributed to SIDS. SUIDs can be caused by sleep-related issues linked to the baby’s sleep environment, such as when a baby gets entrapped by objects and suffocates.
The rate of SIDS has decreased by 50 percent over the last two decades following a public health campaign led by the American Academy of Pediatrics encouraging parents to put their babies to sleep on their backs. Side sleeping is not considered a good safe sleep practice because babies can more easily roll from their side to an unaccustomed tummy position. If your baby doesn’t seem to like sleeping on his or her back at first, be patient. By placing your baby on his or her back each time you put them down to sleep, your infant will quickly adapt to this position.
While positioning babies on their backs during sleep remains the single most important thing parents can do to reduce risk, other factors such as bed-sharing and sleeping on adult mattresses are known SUID risks. New babies are safest sleeping in the same room as their parents, but not in their beds. While SIDS rates have decreased over the past 20 years, the percentage of infants who were bed sharing/sleeping on an adult mattress at the time of death nearly doubled. We know that mattresses made for adults, as well as sofas, chairs, pillows and other furniture, increase the risk of SIDS.
When B’more for Healthy Babies launched in 2009, Baltimore City experienced 27 sleep-related infant deaths – a record high for the city. On July 22, Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake and Health Commissioner Dr. Leana Wen announced, that in 2014, that number was down to 13, the lowest ever recorded in Baltimore City’s history.
“Education is the key to changing behavior to prevent these tragic deaths. The proper sleeping environment is critical. That means everyone needs to know the ABCs of Safe Sleep – that babies should be put to sleep on Alone, on their Backs, and in Cribs, without exposure to secondhand smoke. This is the best way to ensure babies stay healthy and are ready to thrive.”
As we celebrate this milestone, B’more for Healthy Babies and our many partners remain committed to making sure that all babies in Baltimore City are born healthy and ready to thrive in strong families and communities.
KNOXVILLE, Tenn. — Knox Co. Health Department shares tips on safe sleeping for infants.
In 2012, officials say 121 babies died in Tennessee due to unsafe sleeping conditions, including co-sleeping. That includes sleeping in the same area as other children, pets, or adults, or sleeping in unsafe environments, such as couches, chairs or swings.
Here are the A-B-C’s of safe sleeping:
A is for alone: Always put the baby to sleep alone.
B stands for, “on the baby’s back,”: an infant should be placed to sleep on his or her side or stomach.
C is for crib: Always put a baby to sleep in a crib that is empty of other items such as pillows, toys, blankets and bumper pads.
If you can’t afford a crib, there is a resource in our community called, “East Tennessee Safe Sleep Initiative: Cribs for Kids.”
This local coalition is made up of organizations, including the Knox Co. Health Department. This grant helps provide infant beds and educational information to families in need.
To see if you qualify for assistance, email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information or call (865) 215-5170
Original Article can be found at: http://www.local8now.com/news/headlines/Knox-Co-Health-Department-shares-tips-on-safe-sleeping-for-infants-312930351.html
Armstrong County Children, Youth and Family Services will be able to help at least 10 area babies sleep a little easier after receiving a mini-grant from Cribs for Kids, a Pittsburgh-based nonprofit.
The agency Wednesday received 10 Safe Sleep Survival Kits, which include portable cribs, pacifiers, sheets and other necessities that it will provide to low-income families.
“Whenever we encounter families at our agency with a new baby, one of the first things we ask about is if they’ve got proper sleeping arrangements,” said CYFS Administrator Dennis Demagone. “We provide these to families if there is a need, so this going to help us out a lot.”
Cribs for Kids gave similar grants to 24 other organizations throughout the state, said spokeswoman Heather Glaser.
According to the organization’s most recent statistics, 84 infants in Pennsylvania died in their sleep in 2011. About 90 percent of the deaths were attributed to babies suffocating or choking while sleeping on a couch or the beds of their parents or siblings.
“A lot of these cases were because families couldn’t afford a crib for their child,” Glaser said. “These deaths are very sad and tragic because there’s no real warning and they could have been prevented if these babies had a safe sleep environment.”
Each year, the CYFS gives out about 20 portable cribs which cost about $75 each, Demagone said.
“This will take care of about half of the families who take help, which will be a considerable savings for us,” Demagone said.
Brad Pedersen is a staff writer for Trib Total Media. He can be reached at 724-543-1303, ext. 1337, or email@example.com.
Children who are the victims of child abuse grab headlines, but unsafe sleep conditions are far more deadly for infants in Connecticut, something that both the General Assembly and the state Department of Children and Families are addressing.
According to a report from the Office of the Child Advocate and the Connecticut Child Fatality Review Panel, three times as many children die from unsafe sleeping conditions as die from abuse. And the solution could be as simple as putting an infant to sleep on her back rather than her stomach.
Education is vital in assuring newborns go home to a safe environment and, this week, the state Senate passed a bill that requires hospitals to educate new parents how to assure their newborn is sleeping safely. It now goes before the state House of Representatives and, if approved, to the governor for his signature.
The bill makes it mandatory that parents or legal guardians of newborns are furnished with information on safe sleep practices on the baby’s discharge.
Changes are also coming to the way the Department of Children and Families deals with infant deaths after an eight-year study of infants who died whose families had DCF involvement. The department will focus on identifying infants at highest risk and increase oversight and services to those families.
The majority of Missouri’s child cares are set to undergo major changes in their infant sleep safety standards as well as enhanced transparency on whether they enroll children who aren’t fully immunized.
The Missouri Senate voted 33-1 Wednesday to approve a broad child protection bill sponsored by Rep. Jeanie Riddle, R-Mokane.
The bill, headed to the desk of Gov. Jay Nixon, further empowers the state Children’s Division to investigate allegations of sexual abuse against children by other children under age 14 who demonstrate “problem sexual behavior.”
If signed by Nixon, all of Missouri’s licensed child care centers would be required to follow the most current recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics regarding sleep safety practices for infants under 1. That includes banning blankets, bumpers, soft toys and pillows from infant cribs, unless a parent has a physician waiver.
The last time Missouri revised its child care sleep safety standards was in 2011 when it required licensed caregivers to place infants on their backs during sleep to prevent sudden unexpected infant death and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS.
Since 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that babies be put to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The AAP also discourages bed-sharing and advises parents to keep soft objects out of cribs, including pillows, blankets and bumper pads.
“Sleep-related deaths are the third leading cause of infant mortality, responsible for more than 3,500 deaths each year,” said lead author Michael Goodstein, MD, FAAP, attending neonatologist, WellSpan York Hospital, and clinical associate professor of pediatrics, Pennsylvania State University.
Since advertisements and photographs can influence behavior, Dr. Goodstein and his colleagues wanted to determine if magazine images and stock photos used by advertisers are consistent with AAP safe sleep recommendations.
Researchers searched the top three stock photo websites and 26 magazines published in 2014 that target expectant parents or parents of young children. They found 579 stock photos of sleeping babies not being held and 12 magazine pictures that accompanied articles or ads.
Pictures were analyzed for the infant’s sleep position, sleep location (e.g., crib) and presence of other people on the same sleep surface as the infant. In addition, researchers looked for bumper pads, blankets, stuffed animals and other items.
About half of the stock photos and 67 percent of magazine pictures showed babies correctly positioned on their backs. In addition, only about 16 percent of stock photos and 29 percent of magazine images depicted safe sleep environments according to AAP guidelines.
“One-third of the magazine images showed infants sleeping on the tummy, which doubles the risk of SIDS,” Dr. Goodstein said.
Stock photography websites are of even greater concern because images available on the Internet routinely depict hazardous sleep conditions regarding SIDS and suffocation, he added.
“Magazines that are geared toward expectant mothers and new parents and manufacturers of infant products and their advertisers need to take the lead in using images that promote infant sleep safety,” Dr. Goodstein concluded.
More information: Dr. Goodstein will present “Infant Sleep Environments in the Media: An Evaluation of Images in Stock Photographs and Magazines Targeting Women of Childbearing Age” from 11:45 a.m.-noon PT Saturday, April 25. To view the study abstract, go to http://www.abstracts2view.com/pas/view.php?nu=PAS15L1_1365.6
The 4A’s, in partnership with Cribs for Kids® and First Candle, is providing guidelines to its member agencies on how to accurately portray sleeping babies in advertising.
SIDS is the leading cause of death for infants one month to one year of age and claims the lives of nearly 2,500 babies each year. In addition, there are up to 2,000 sudden, unexpected infant deaths (SUID) caused by accidental suffocation or accidents during sleep each year. It’s important to follow the safe-sleep and safety recommendations set forth by First Candle and the American Academy of Pediatrics, and supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. According to Cribs for Kids, more than 35,000 children and adults are alive today because they slept on their backs as infants.
A recent study conducted by Children’s National Medical Center found that in magazines targeting women of childbearing age, more than one-third of the images showed babies in unsafe sleep positions and more than two-thirds showed babies in unsafe sleep environments.
In response to these statistics, the 4A’s and infant sleep safety organizations recommend that agencies and advertisers create, select and use only images that depict babies (who appear to be 18 months of age or younger) in safe-sleep positions and safe-sleep environments.
The following are safe-sleep image guidelines:
All babies should be shown sleeping or being put to sleep on their backs. Babies who sleep on the stomach are twice as likely to die of SIDS.
All babies should be shown sleeping in a crib that meets current safety standards (available at the Consumer Product Safety Commission website), play yard or similar safe, but separate sleep environment. Babies should not be shown sleeping with an adult or on an adult bed, sofa, chair, or other unsafe place. Babies who share any sleep surface are three times more likely to die of SIDS and five to 10 times more likely to die if less than three months old.
Babies should not be shown sleeping in car seats, infant carriers, swings, slings or other similar products. There are many reports of babies dying while sleeping in these devices.
Never show babies sleeping in positioners or on wedges. These items can cause suffocation or increase the risk of SIDS.
Where possible, photos should demonstrate room sharing for babies under six months of age; showing the baby’s separate, safe sleep area in the room with, or alongside, the adult bed.
Photos should not show soft or loose bedding items such as blankets, quilts, soft or pillow-like bumpers, pillows or stuffed animals in the baby’s sleep space. Loose bedding has been shown to increase the risk of SIDS and possibly suffocation. Bumpers have also been associated with deaths and are not recommended.
If possible, show sleeping babies dressed in a wearable blanket or other sleeper to keep them warm instead of loose blankets. Loose blankets can cover the face and mouth leading to SIDS or suffocation. Avoid excessive layers of clothing; overheating is associated with SIDS.
Never show babies sharing a sleep space. Even multiples should each have their own crib. Infants dying of SIDS are five times more likely to have had another child in bed with them.
Consider showing a pacifier with a sleeping baby greater than one month of age. A specific reason has not been determined, but studies consistently show a protective effect against SIDS.
The baby’s sleep space should be shown a safe distance away from windows. If a window shade is shown, the cord should not be in close proximity to or within reach of the baby.
The crib mattress height should be shown at the lowest level for babies who appear to be able to pull or stand up.
Crib gyms or mobiles should not be used in photos of babies who appear to be five months of age and older.
Click here to see guidelines for safe-sleep images.
DES MOINES | A new public-private partnership between the Iowa Department of Public Health and Meridian Health Plan of Iowa is targeting four Iowa counties, including Black Hawk, in the first multi-county Cribs for Kids program.
Women delivering babies at participating hospitals within the pilot counties will receive a free crib, if needed.
Funding from the Maternal Infant Early Childhood Home Visitation program at IDPH with supplemental funds from Meridian Health Plan will assure parents who deliver an infant at hospitals in participating counties will receive a crib free of charge.
The participating counties are Hamilton (Hamilton County Public Hospital), Black Hawk (Covenant and Allan), Des Moines (Great River Medical Center), and Clinton (Mercy Medical Center-Clinton).
“Nationally, detailed data on sleep-related infant deaths reveals significant concerns about safe sleep practices,” said Methan Harris, Meridian Health Plan vice president. “More than half of infants that died of a sleep-related cause were bed-sharing at time of death.”
Sleep-related infant deaths are also an issue in Iowa. Such deaths include those due to SIDS, asphyxia or suffocation, or undetermined/unknown cause. An average of one death out of every 1,000 births in Iowa is attributed to a sleep-related cause. It is clear safe sleeping can save infant lives and safe cribs are an important part of a safe sleep environment.
The pilot project extends one year and success will be measured by assessing prevalence of safe sleep environments in intervention counties.
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related causes of infant mortality have several known risk factors, but little is known if these factors change for different age groups. In a new study in the August 2014 Pediatrics, “Sleep Environment Risks for Younger and Older Infants,” published online July 14, researchers studied sleep-related infant deaths from 24 states from 2004-2012 in the case reporting system of the National Center for the Review and Prevention of Child Deaths. Cases were divided by younger (0-3 months) and older (4 months to one year) infants. In a total of 8,207 deaths analyzed, majority of the infants (69 percent) were bed-sharing at the time of death. Fifty-eight percent were male, and most deaths occurred in non-Hispanic whites. Younger infants were more likely bed-sharing (73.8 percent vs. 58.9 percent), sleeping on an adult bed or on/near a person, while older infants were more likely found prone with objects, such as blankets or stuffed animals in the sleep area. Researchers conclude that sleep-related infant deaths risk factors are different for younger and older infants. Parents should follow the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations for a safe sleep environment and understand that different factors reflect risk at different developmental stages.
The American Academy of Pediatrics is an organization of 62,000 primary care pediatricians, pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists dedicated to the health, safety and well-being of infants, children, adolescents and young adults. For more information, visit www.aap.org.
– See more at: http://www.aap.org/en-us/about-the-aap/aap-press-room/Pages/Bed-Sharing-Remains-Greatest-Risk-Factor-for-Sleep-Related-Infant-Deaths.aspx
Cribs for Kids® now has more than 650 partners throughout the United States. CALL US TOLL-FREE AT: 1-888-721-CRIB for information on our national organization, local chapters, or to start a Cribs for Kids® program in your area. To e-mail us or to be added to our mailing list go to About/Contact Us <.http://www.cribsforkids.org/contact-us/>